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Leave No Trace outdoor ethics principles form the framework of Leave No Trace Canada's messages:

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

  1. Prepare and plan

    • Know the regulations and the particularities of the place visited.

    • Prepare for inclement weather, emergencies, etc.

    • Plan your outings during periods of low attendance.

    • Explore in small groups of 4 to 6 people.

    • Repack the food; minimize waste.

    • Use maps and compass to eliminate the use of cairns, ribbons and other marks of paint.

  2. Use durable surfaces

    • Look for existing trails, rock slabs, gravel, dry grass, and snow.

    • Protect the banks of watercourses; camp more than 70 meters from lakes and rivers.

    • A good camping site can be found, it cannot be made. Altering a site is not necessary.

    • In frequented areas:

      • Use designated trails and campsites.

      • Walk single file through the middle of the trail, even if it is muddy or wet.

      • Be careful not to expand your camp. Concentrate your activity where vegetation is absent.

    • In wild areas:

      • Spread out to avoid creating new campsites or trails.

      • Avoid areas that have had a recent impact so as not to damage it further.

  3. Adequately manage waste

    • Win what you bring. Inspect the stopover and camping places; do not leave any garbage, leftover food or rubbish.

    • Place human excreta in 6 to 8-inch deep holes dug more than 70 meters from any camp, trail, or water source. Camouflage the area after backfilling the hole.

    • Take back used toilet paper and hygiene products.

    • Carry soiled water from dishes and personal hygiene 70 meters from any stream or lake and spread it on the ground. Use a minimal amount of biodegradable soap.

  4. Leave intact what we find

    • Preserve our heritage: do not touch historical and cultural objects, observe them.

    • Leave stones, plants and all natural objects as found.

    • Avoid picking and transporting plants.

    • Do not build structures or furniture. Do not dig trenches.

  5. Minimize the impact of fires

    • Campfires have an irreparable impact on the landscape. Pack a small stove and opt for a candle lantern to light you up.

    • Where fires are permitted, use places that have already been used, fire sheets or earth embankments.

    • Build small fires using only dead wood collected from the ground that can be broken by hand.

    • Reduce all wood and embers to ashes. Extinguish each fire completely and scatter the cooled ashes.

  6. Respect wild life

    • Observe wildlife from a distance. Do not follow or approach wild animals.

    • Never feed wild animals. This can harm their health, alter their behavior, expose them to predators and other dangers.

    • Protect wildlife and your food by putting your rations and garbage in a safe place.

    • Take control of your pets or leave them at home.

    • Avoid disturbing the fauna during sensitive periods of reproduction, nesting, when the young are growing or during the winter.

  7. Respect other users

    • Be respectful of other visitors and care about the quality of their experience.

    • Be courteous. Leave the way to others on the trail.

    • Leave the trail and stand near it when horse hikers pass.

    • Stop and camp away from any trail and other users.

    • Avoid speaking loudly and making noise; pay attention to the sounds of nature.

In addition to this, you need to know more about it.

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